The main goal of the SAMVARDHAN is to work for conservation of natural resources, to promote its sustainable use & equitable sharing of the benefits through people’s participation & holistic ecosystem approach. We are mandated to create such a society where development will be calculated by amount & quality of surrounding natural wealth, where every species, every ecosystem & every diverse human groups will live together in harmony with nature, where the most neglected member of the society will have equal opportunity in decision making & in securing employment & resources.
Holistic Ecosystem approach can only be an important approach by which present situation of degradation of nature and livelihood situation will ameliorate. Holistic approach involves consideration of the as many as components of the wetland while intervention. The movement of the whole basin management is essential where various anthropological, ecological, economic, cultural, political approaches should be considered to save wetlands and to ensure sustainable life.
Wetlands are important entities provide goods and services to whole biosphere. These vital entities are disappearing rapidly. The reasons behind this ecological meltdown are habitat destruction, pollution, over use of resources, invasive species and encroachment. Immediate negative effect of this erosion is on natural resource dependent people like fishermen and farmers.We believe that for the conservation of natural resources including wetlands and sustainable livelihood of dependent people holistic approach is an important approach. The movement of the whole river basin management is essential where we have to consider various anthropological, ecological, economic, educational, cultural, political approaches to save natural resources and to ensure sustainable livelihood.
Awareness generation and rapport building is prerequisite for effective impact. Thus, we have engaged students, farmers and labors in the process of positive change. In this regards, arranged various workshops, rallies, river march, River summit and Labor summit.
We have started our work considering species level conservation effort limited to wetlands, latter on we have focused on ecosystem level conservation efforts included different kinds of ecosystems. Depletion of the local species of the fishes is the matter of concern. In this regard, we have to conserve our natural resources so that local fish population will flourish; at the same time, we have to search for the alternate occupation for the fishermen, who are the direct victims of such negative changes. Since 2007, through the support provided by Sir Dorabaji Tata Trust, Mumbai we have started cooperative fish culture activities along with eco-restoration with the anglers of Adan river basin.
Fish culture can be a partial solution for livelihood of fishermen because substantially large population of the fishermen still depends on natural watercourses for their subsistence. Therefore, it is essential to improve health of our wetland resources. On small scale, this improvement is possible by creating series of Fresh Water Protected Areas (FWPAs). We have started the creation of such FWPAs along Adan and Bembla rivers.
Considering importance of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guaranty Act 2005 (MNREGA) of Government of India in eco-restoration and employment generation, we have started eco-restoration work with the labors of Dhamani village. Soon many villages joined and in whole Adan, Uma and Bembla river basin massive watershed development work initiated.
Considering importance of information generation for proper planning of the natural resources, we have started data collection on basin level.
For the effective positive intervention, it is essential to rejuvenate local decision-making and conflict resolution mechanism. For this, we have concentrated our attention on the capacity building and involvement of Gramsabha (Village Council) and local study groups. We are also establishing Majdur Sangh (Labor Organizations), Nadi Abhyas Gat (River Study Groups) in many villages.